WhenTomás Gutiérrez Alea’s fifth feature, Memories of Underdevelopment, first hit Cuban theaters in 1968, it was immediately lauded as one of the best films to come out of the island in the decade following Castro’s revolution. This month marks the fiftieth anniversary of the film’s theatrical release, and its importance in the landscape of Latin American film has only become more apparent with time.
We learned a lot about Memories and that rich moment in Cuban film history while putting together the new Criterion edition. Below are some highlights from the stories we picked up along the way.
A godfather of sorts in modern Cuban cinema, Tomás Gutiérrez Alea—known among friends and colleagues as “Titón”—showed an equal commitment to art and politics early in his career. He first started directing shorts with soon-to-be-renowned cinematographer Néstor Almendros while still a law student at the University of Havana, and he continued his cinematic education in Rome (one classmate was future Nobel laureate Gabriel García Márquez) before returning to Cuba to work on variety shows on television. At that point, well before the revolution, he was already an ardent leftist and eagerly joined Castro’s fight against dictator Fulgencio Batista. In 1959, following Batista’s defeat, he helped found the Instituto Cubano del Arte e Industria Cinematográfica (ICAIC), the government wing that would oversee all film production and ensure that Cuban cinema—documentary and fiction alike—promoted the revolutionary cause.
10 Things I Learned: Raging Bull
While working on our edition of Martin Scorsese’s 1980 masterpiece, producer Abbey Lustgarten found out how the director achieved some of the movie’s most evocative visual and sonic effects.
The Evolution of a “Superpig”: Designing Okja, from Start to Finish
Both intimidatingly massive and deeply sympathetic, the creature at the heart of Bong Joon Ho’s meat-industry fable is the product of a close collaboration between the director and artist Jang Hee Chul.
10 Things I Learned: Rouge
The producer of our edition of the masterful 1987 melodrama tells the stories of some of director Stanley Kwan’s legendary collaborators, including superstars Anita Mui and Leslie Cheung.
You have no items in your shopping cart